Dry Flatting is flatting using dry sand paper of various grits. This will flatten out any rough spots and get surfaces smooth and close to being even.
Grit size refers to the size of the particles of abrading materials embedded in the sandpaper.
Cheaper sandpapers sometimes use nomenclature such as "Coarse", "Medium" and "Fine.
Planishing is a metalworking technique that involves finishing the surface by finely shaping and smoothing sheet metal.
This is done by hammering with a planishing panel hammer or slapper file against a shaped surface called a planishing stake that is held in a vice or against hand-held, shaped, metal tools that are known as Dollies or Anvils.
The shape of the stake or dolly has to match the desired work piece contour, and so they come in a variety of complex shapes.
Since planishing hammers are generally in contact with the outside surface of the piece, they are flat, have rounded edges and are polished to avoid marring the work
Buffering would be using any kind of machine to improve the finish of the paint. Those who are still old-school may default to thinking of a rotary.
A light, sometimes abrasive action that rejuvenates the paint and brings out the lustre.
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